菜单
UK Government National Strategy for Maritime Security emphasises importance of cyber resilience

News / / London

“Our vision is that the UK in 2030 will continue to be a leading responsible and democratic cyber power, able to protect and promote our interests in and through cyberspace in the support of national goals.” 

In its recent “National Strategy for Maritime Security”, a report published in August 2022, the UK Government recognised that one of the challenges impacting on maritime security is malicious cyber activity, which has grown in terms of severity, intensity and complexity. Consequently, mitigating risks against cyber threats within the maritime industry remains more important than ever and will continue to be critical as the industry becomes increasingly automated.  

The report confirms that the Government continues to assist the maritime sector to build resilience against a range of cyber threats including cyber espionage, cyber-crime, hacktivism and ransomware. As a result of the increasing use in the UK maritime sector of technological advances in the management of ports, logistics, supply chains, the rollout of 5G networks and the consideration of autonomous shipping, there has been a growth in ransomware attacks. This means the sector must better understand the threats in order to take appropriate mitigating steps to reduce the impact of successful cyber-attacks. 

The report highlights a number of ransomware attacks in the international maritime sector that took place throughout 2020 and 2021, including a malware attack on MSC in April 2020, a ransomware attack on CMA CGM in September 2020 and two ransomware attacks on Toll Group, the Australian logistics company, in 2020. 

The UK Government emphasises its ongoing support to organisations in terms of offering advice and guidance on cyber best practice. Among other things, in February 2022 the Government published a new National Cyber Security Strategy aimed at ensuring that Government, Critical National Infrastructure, organisations and citizens better understand the cyber risks they face and their obligations to manage them. The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), the national technical authority for cyber threats, provides advice and guidance on risks through information sharing platforms and technical assistance in the event of a cyber-incident. It offers access to a range of free cyber security tools and services, including tools that help organisations test and practice their response to a cyber- incident, as well as spot malicious activity on their network.  

The report also mentions the Network and Information Systems (NIS) Regulations, which came into effect in 2018 and which support organisations in building a stronger foundation of cyber security and resilience. The Government, through the Department of Transport as the competent authority for regulating the maritime sector, will use the Regulations to drive up standards of maritime cyber security and help the sector become more resilient. 

The report additionally indicates that the Government intends to update the 2017 Cyber Security Code of Practice for Ships and work with the IMO to agree international standards and agreements. The Cyber and Information Security section contained within the Port Facility Security Instructions will also be updated. The Government will furthermore focus on training the workforce in specialist cyber skills and other knowledge required by those engaged in relevant work programmes. 

Comment 

In 2019, the UK Government published “Maritime 2050 – Navigating the Future”, which set out its long-term vision for the UK’s maritime sector for the following 30 years. Also in 2019, the Government strengthened the UK’s maritime security capabilities by establishing the Joint Maritime Security Centre which works with stakeholders across Government to develop a “Whole System Response” to maritime security threats.  

This new National Strategy for Maritime Security is the latest, and a most welcome, step in the Government’s future strategy for the UK maritime sector and is intended to help the UK get closer to the security ambitions set out in “Maritime 2050.” 

Julian Clark

Julian Clark Global Senior Partner

Reema Shour

Reema Shour Professional Support Lawyer

Related sectors:

相关新闻和市场洞悉

新闻 / Ince celebrates one year since Scotland office opening

23-11-2022 / 保险, 航运, 房地产

We are pleased to be celebrating one year since opening our first Scottish office in the city of Glasgow.  Stefanie Johnston, dual-qualified Partner and Head of Scotland, has worked tirelessly over the last year to develop our offering through the opening of an Ince office in what is arguably an established Scottish market. Starting from the ground up, Stefanie and her team have successfully gained an admirable reputation in the region and further afield in the maritime, insurance, real estate and regulatory sectors. 

Ince celebrates one year since Scotland office opening

新闻 / Shipping E-brief November 2022

17-11-2022 / 航运

The Shipping E-Brief is a publication providing you with key information on legal decisions and developments in shipping and related business areas.

Shipping E-brief November 2022

新闻 / Appeals from arbitration: is reform required?

15-11-2022 / 航运

In September 2022, the UK Law Commission published a consultation paper with provisional recommendations for updating the Arbitration Act 1996 (the Act 1996). Amongst other things, the Law Commission considered whether any changes need to be made to: (i) s.67 of the Act 1996, which deals with jurisdictional challenges to arbitral awards; and (ii) s.69 of the Act 1996, which deals with appeals on points of law.

Appeals from arbitration: is reform required?

新闻 / Owners not in breach of charter and entitled to claim demurrage

09-11-2022 / 航运

CM P-MAX III Limited v. Petroleos Del Norte SA (MT Stena Primorsk) [2022] EWHC 2147 (Comm) This recent laytime and demurrage dispute demonstrates that an owner can legitimately refuse orders where such orders may jeopardise the safety of a vessel.

Owners not in breach of charter and entitled to claim demurrage

新闻 / Court of Appeal finds owner should have accepted non-contractual performance

09-11-2022 / 航运

Mur Shipping BV v. RTI Ltd [2022] EWCA Civ 1406 A majority of the Court of Appeal has held that the Owner under a contract of affreightment (COA) should have accepted payment of freight in Euros, rather than the US dollars provided for in the COA. Its refusal to do so meant that the Owner could not rely on the force majeure clause in the COA, in circumstances where US sanctions might have restricted US dollar transfers from or on behalf of the Charterer.

Court of Appeal finds owner should have accepted non-contractual performance

新闻 / “Due” means due!

03-11-2022 / 航运

Ceto Shipping Corporation v. Savory Inc (Victor 1) [2022] EWHC 2636 (Comm) The Court in this case had to construe a purchase option clause in a bareboat charter. Specifically, it considered whether the fact that the charterer had not fulfilled certain payment obligations under the charter because it was disputing them in good faith meant that the owner was not obliged to transfer title to the vessel at the end of the charter period.

“Due” means due!