Professional Support Lawyer
T +44 (0) 20 7481 0010
部门 Maritime, Commodities & trade, Commercial Disputes 教育背景 LLB London School of Economics, LLM London School of Economics, MA Translation University of Westminster 语言 English, Arabic, French, German
Reema has been a professional support lawyer since 2009, specialising in shipping, trade, marine insurance and dispute resolution. She produces and co-edits the firm’s external shipping and trade publications, as well as writing a number of internal publications on shipping, commercial and dispute resolution topics.
Reema manages the firm’s internal know-how system, arranges client seminars and internal training and works closely with the firm’s BD team to monitor the shipping sector and keep clients regularly informed of relevant commercial developments. She assists members of the firm with legal research and other inquiries and provides a key internal contact and information point for the global shipping, trade and marine insurance groups.
She has contributed to various external publications, including “Getting the Deal Through” and “World Arbitration Reporter.”
Prior to joining Ince, Reema worked as a shipping and trade lawyer at a number of London shipping law firms. She dealt regularly with all manner of dry and wet shipping disputes, including a wide variety of contract of carriage cases, cargo claims, collisions, general average and marine insurance claims. She also advised on trade and commodities and sale of goods disputes. Most of her work involved international elements.
"I produce the client shipping and trade publications, and organise the regular client shipping seminars, thereby allowing clients to keep up-to-date with the latest legal developments. Internally, I ensure that fee earners are provided with all necessary legal, technical and market information that allows them to provide the clients with a first-rate, efficient and cost-effective service."
Professional Associations & Memberships
Member of the Women’s International Shipping and Trading Association (“WISTA”)
Member of P & I Information Professionals
Member of the Association of Litigation Professional Support Lawyers (“ALPS”
Member of Arbitration PSL Group
What you may not know about Reema
I enjoy travelling, reading, art exhibitions and good food.
新闻 / UK’s Electronic Trade Documents Bill progresses through Parliament
15-03-2023 / 航运
On 15 March 2022, the UK’s Law Commission published its report, with draft legislation, for the legal recognition of electronic trade documents. One year later, the Electronic Trade Documents Bill introduced to the House of Lords is at the Report stage of the legislative process.
新闻 / Court construes settlement agreement in contaminated oil dispute
10-03-2023 / 商品与贸易
In this dispute arising out of the contamination of a cargo of crude oil, the Court considered whether and the extent to which the parties’ settlement agreement limited the buyer’s right to claim reimbursement for storage fees.
新闻 / Court declines further adjournment of contempt application against sanctioned defendant
07-03-2023 / 航运
In the recent case of PJSC National Bank Trust v. Boris Mints, the Court confirmed that sanctioned entities have a fundamental right of access to the English courts. In this case, the Court has made it clear that a defendant will not be permitted to delay any legitimate proceedings against him beyond what is reasonable on the basis that his sanctioned status may prevent him getting a fair trial.
新闻 / Court finds hold reinspection should have been arranged with reasonable diligence
01-03-2023 / 航运
On appeal from an arbitration award, the Court has agreed with the tribunal that there should be an implied term in the charterparty regarding the charterers’ obligations to arrange for a hold reinspection after a failed inspection. However, it has disagreed with the tribunal’s conclusion on whether this implied term had been breached.
新闻 / Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) – the work continues
24-02-2023 / 航运
The international maritime industry is increasingly developing and relying on various levels of automation both onshore and on board. The IMO is leading the way forward and, among other things, has been taking a leading and proactive role in the introduction of commercially operated ships in autonomous mode.
新闻 / Admiralty paper charts here to stay – a little while longer!
21-02-2023 / 航运
The UK Hydrographic Office (UKHO) announced in February 2023 that its planned timetable for withdrawing the production of paper charts would be extended beyond the originally anticipated deadline of 2026 in response to user feedback. It is now likely that a paper chart service will be provided until at least 2030.
新闻 / Unjust enrichment and the six-year time limit
20-02-2023 / 商品与贸易
In a dispute arising under sale contracts for unleaded gasoline, the Court has held that the buyer’s claims in unjust enrichment for money had and received were time-barred.
新闻 / Sanctioned entities have fundamental right of access to English courts
14-02-2023 / 航运
The Court has found that the UK sanctions regime does not deny sanctioned entities the right to access the English courts in circumstances where their disputes are subject to the English Court’s jurisdiction and they have a good arguable claim. In coming to this decision, the Court usefully summarised the applicable sanctions regulations and considered the scope of the licencing regime implemented by the UK Office of Foreign Sanctions (OFSI).
新闻 / Court considers impact of sanctions on bareboat charterparty obligations
06-02-2023 / 航运
This bareboat charterparty dispute is noteworthy for the Court’s findings on the effect of international sanctions on the Charterers’ obligations to make payment and the Owners’ obligations to nominate a bank account into which payment could be made pursuant to the contractual purchase option.
新闻 / Widely worded no-assignment clause shuts out insurer’s claims
24-01-2023 / 保险
An insurer that paid out on a claim brought by its assured, the buyer of aircraft under an English law sale contract, has been prevented from making a recovery against the seller because the sale contract incorporated a widely worded no-assignment clause.
新闻 / Court declines anti-enforcement injunction in charterparty dispute
19-12-2022 / 航运
In a charterparty dispute, the Court has declined to grant an anti-enforcement injunction in respect of foreign proceedings because it found that there was no binding arbitration agreement between the parties. The decision also highlights that delay can be a bar to the grant of an anti-suit injunction. Read Peter McNamee and Reema Shour’s article for an analysis of the Court’s conclusions.
新闻 / Appeals from arbitration: is reform required?
15-11-2022 / 航运
In September 2022, the UK Law Commission published a consultation paper with provisional recommendations for updating the Arbitration Act 1996 (the Act 1996). Amongst other things, the Law Commission considered whether any changes need to be made to: (i) s.67 of the Act 1996, which deals with jurisdictional challenges to arbitral awards; and (ii) s.69 of the Act 1996, which deals with appeals on points of law.
新闻 / Court of Appeal finds owner should have accepted non-contractual performance
09-11-2022 / 航运
Mur Shipping BV v. RTI Ltd  EWCA Civ 1406 A majority of the Court of Appeal has held that the Owner under a contract of affreightment (COA) should have accepted payment of freight in Euros, rather than the US dollars provided for in the COA. Its refusal to do so meant that the Owner could not rely on the force majeure clause in the COA, in circumstances where US sanctions might have restricted US dollar transfers from or on behalf of the Charterer.
新闻 / Court upholds indemnity claims along charterparty chain
01-11-2022 / 航运
Trafigura Maritime Logistics Pte Ltd v. Clearlake Shipping Pte Ltd (Miracle Hope)  EWHC 2234 (Comm) This cargo misdelivery claim gave rise to various issues under the letters of indemnity (LOIs) that had been given in order to secure delivery of the cargo without presentation of the original bills of lading.
洞察力 / The importance of considering termination rights carefully
25-10-2022 / 航运
The dispute in this case highlights the potential pitfalls involved in validly terminating a contract. In such cases, it is important to consider what rights of termination might be available, whether contractual or at common law or both, and what are the requirements for valid termination in either or both cases.
新闻 / Court of Appeal dismisses state immunity defence to in rem salvage proceedings
17-10-2022 / 航运
Argentum Exploration Ltd v. The Silver and all persons claiming to be interested in, and/or have rights in respect of, the silver (SS Tilawa)  EWCA Civ 1318 The Court of Appeal, by a majority, has upheld the Admiralty Court decision that the Republic of South Africa (RSA) was not entitled to assert a claim of state immunity in respect of in rem proceedings brought by salvors concerning a cargo of silver bars recovered from the seabed 75 years after the sinking of the carrying vessel.
新闻 / Appointing arbitrators: impartiality and disclosure
07-10-2022 / 航运
On 22 September 2022, the UK Law Commission published a consultation paper containing proposed law reforms to the Arbitration Act 1996 (the Act). The UK Government asked the Law Commission to review the Act to ensure that it is fit for purpose and that it continues to promote the UK as a leading destination for commercial arbitrations.
新闻 / UK Government National Strategy for Maritime Security emphasises importance of cyber resilience
13-09-2022 / 航运
“Our vision is that the UK in 2030 will continue to be a leading responsible and democratic cyber power, able to protect and promote our interests in and through cyberspace in the support of national goals.”
新闻 / Julian Clark and Reema Shour from Ince in London have once again contributed to the International Comparative Legal Guides 2022.
15-08-2022 / 航运
The publication provides in-depth analysis of laws and regulations across 34 jurisdictions and features two expert analysis chapters, discussing recognition of electronic trade documents and the maritime industry.
新闻 / Court finds extra-contractual counterclaims fell within scope of arbitration agreement
02-08-2022 / 航运
Sea Master Special Maritime Enterprise & another v. Arab Bank (Switzerland) Ltd (Sea Master)  EWHC 1953 (Comm) This bill of lading dispute raised issues as to whether the Bank financing the purchase of a cargo, and the holder of a switch bill of lading for the cargo, was a party to the arbitration agreement incorporated into the switch bill and, if so, whether certain counterclaims brought by the Owners came within the scope of that arbitration agreement. The Court agreed with the tribunal’s findings that, once the Court had decided that the Bank was a party to the arbitration agreement, then the counterclaims for reasonable remuneration and quantum meruit came within the ambit of the arbitration agreement, being claims “arising out of or in connection” with the bill of lading contract.
新闻 / Party offered reasonably satisfactory security following collision obliged to accept it
20-07-2022 / 航运
MV Pacific Pearl Co Ltd v. Osios David Shipping Inc (Panamax Alexander)  EWCA Civ 798 The Court of Appeal has confirmed that a party to ASG 2, the standard form Collision Jurisdiction Agreement, is obliged to accept reasonable security once it is offered and cannot choose to refuse that security and seek alternative or better security by arresting a ship. In such circumstances, there is no right to an arrest or any justification for it.
新闻 / Shipping gets smart
20-06-2022 / 航运
On 25 November 2021, the UK Law Commission published its Advice to the UK Government on how English law currently applies to smart legal contracts. Subsequently, on 16 March 2022, the Law Commission published its report on electronic trade documents, together with draft legislation that would implement its recommendations to allow for the legal recognition of trade documents such as bills of lading and bills of exchange in electronic form.
新闻 / Carrier Under CMR Successful in Limiting Liability for Consignee’s Losses
14-06-2022 / 航运
Paul Knapfield v. C.A.R.S. Ltd & others  EWHC 1437 (Comm) Disputes under the Carriage of Goods by Road Act 1965, which incorporates the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road 1956 (CMR), do not come up very often. This decision is, therefore, useful in illustrating when and how the CMR applies. In this case, the Court found that the CMR limit of liability applied to the claimant’s claim, with the result that his losses far exceeded the amount he could ultimately recover from the carrier.
新闻 / Court dismisses financing bank’s misdelivery claim for lack of title to sue
04-05-2022 / 航运
Unicredit Bank AG v. Euronav NV (Sienna)  EWHC 957 (Comm) This was a claim brought by a bank that financed the purchase of a cargo and subsequently sought to recover damages for misdelivery following discharge of the cargo without production of the original bill of lading. The claim failed because, in the circumstances of this case, the bill of lading that had been endorsed to the Bank did not contain or evidence the contract of carriage in respect of the cargo.
洞察力 / Court corrects obvious accounting mistake in arbitration award
27-04-2022 / 航运
In a charterparty dispute, the Court has set aside part of an arbitration award on the grounds that the arbitrator reached a conclusion that was contrary to the common position of the parties, and for which neither party contended, without providing an opportunity for the parties to address him on the issue. In the circumstances, this represented a failure to conduct the proceedings fairly. The decision provides useful guidance on how to proceed where a tribunal makes an obvious mistake in its award but declines to remedy it.
新闻 / Court upholds claim for contaminated fuel oil
21-03-2022 / 航运
This dispute, arising out of the sale and purchase of a quantity of crude oil, involved a number of contractual issues that commonly arise in commodities cases. Among other things, the Court considered what the terms of the sale contract were, whether there was a breach of the quality provisions and what was the appropriate measure of damages. Interestingly, the Court decided that this was not a “battle of the forms” scenario so the “last shot” doctrine did not apply in determining when the agreement was concluded and on what terms.
新闻 / Ukraine/Russia crisis: potential implications for shipping contracts
02-03-2022 / 航运
Following recent developments in Ukraine, the international community has acted quickly in introducing sanctions against Russia, targeting a number of Russian entities and Russian individuals, including specified shipping companies and their vessels, as well as financial institutions. Key are the US, EU and UK sanctions against Russia. The scope of these sanctions is continuously evolving in response to the escalating situation and it is important for those who may be impacted to keep a close eye on daily developments.
新闻 / Court finds letter of indemnity obligations engaged
24-02-2022 / 航运
Aramco Trading Fujairah FZE v. Gulf Petrochem FZC (MV Kronviken)  EWHC 288 (Comm) This case is another example of the English courts dismissing unmeritorious challenges to letters of indemnity (LOIs) issued against delivery of goods without production of original bills of lading. The message is clear: the English courts will not entertain unwarranted attempts to avoid obligations under a valid and enforceable LOI.
洞察力 / Cyber security – have you exercised due diligence to make your ship seaworthy?
25-11-2021 / 航运
The recent, and very important, UK Supreme Court decision in Alize 1954 & another v. Allianz Elementar Versicherung & others (CMA CGM Libra)  UKSC 51 has provided a timely and salutory reminder to shipowners and operators of the importance of being able to demonstrate that their ship is seaworthy if they are successfully to defend claims brought against them by cargo interests and others.
洞察力 / Court orders specific performance of obligations under letter of indemnity
24-11-2021 / 航运
Navig8 Chemical Pools Inc v. Aeturnum Energy International Pte Ltd (Navig8 Ametrine)  EWHC 3132 (Comm)
洞察力 / The uncertainty continues… Post-Brexit recognition and enforcement of judgments: UK still seeking accession to Lugano Convention
19-10-2021 / 航运
On 31 December 2020, the Brexit transition period ended. As a result, the UK’s regime for recognising and enforcing judgments within Europe ceased to be governed by the Brussels regime, primarily the recast Brussels Regulation (EU member states), and the Lugano Convention 2007 (EU member states, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland).
洞察力 / Tribunal’s findings in commodities dispute result in substantial injustice
04-08-2021 / 商品与贸易
PBO v. DONPRO & others  EWHC 1951 (Comm)
洞察力 / Exclusive jurisdiction clause in charterparty extends to related tort claims
02-07-2021 / 航运
Eastern Pacific Chartering Inc v. Pola Maritime Ltd (Divinegate)  EWHC 1707 (Comm)
洞察力 / Invalid nomination of vessel did not entitle Sellers to terminate contract
29-04-2021 / 航运
In this case, the Sellers under a sale contract jumped the gun and found themselves in breach when they purported to terminate the contract prematurely on the ground that they (mistakenly) considered the Buyers were in repudiatory breach. Parties in a similar situation should be wary of falling into the same trap.
洞察力 / Shipping E-Brief December 2020
03-12-2020 / 航运
The Shipping E-Brief is a publication providing you with key information on legal decisions and developments in shipping and related business areas.
洞察力 / Court considers scope and effect of demurrage clause
16-09-2020 / 航运
K Line Pte Ltd v. Priminds Shipping (HK) Co Ltd (Eternal Bliss)  EWHC 2373 (Comm)
洞察力 / ICLG - United Kingdom: Shipping Laws and Regulations
20-08-2020 / 航运
United Kingdom covers common issues in shipping laws and regulations - including marine casualty, cargo claims, passenger claims, arrest and security - in 40 jurisdictions.
洞察力 / Court asserts its jurisdiction in marine insurance dispute
29-06-2020 / 航运
In an insurance coverage dispute, the English Commercial Court has held that the insurers had much the better of the argument that the policies in question incorporated an exclusive English Court jurisdiction clause.
新闻 / Court confirms BARECON classification obligation is absolute
04-04-2019 / 航运
Silverburn Shipping (Iom) Ltd v. Ark Shipping Company LLC (M/V Arctic)  EWHC 376 (Comm)
新闻 / Court of Appeal confirms: privilege rules!
24-09-2018 / 航运
Director of the Serious Fraud Office v. Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation Ltd and the Law Society  EWCA Civ 2006 In a much anticipated decision, the Court of Appeal has held that a multinational corporation that came under investigation by the Serious Fraud Office (“SFO”) was entitled to assert litigation privilege over various categories of documents that had been generated as part of its internal investigation into a whistle-blower’s allegations of corruption within its organisation. In doing so, the Court of Appeal rejected the High Court’s more restrictive approach to litigation privilege.
新闻 / Narrow construction of privilege entitles SFO to disclosure of corporation’s internal documents
11-07-2017 / 航运
The Director of the Serious Fraud Office v. Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation Ltd  EWHC 1017 (QB)
新闻 / Court of Appeal decides obligation to pay charterparty hire is not a condition
07-10-2016 / 航运
Spar Shipping A.S. v Grand China Logistics Holding (Group) Co. Ltd  EWCA CIV 982 On 7 October 2016, the Court of Appeal handed down the eagerly awaited appeal decision from the Commercial Court decision in Spar Shipping A.S. v. Grand China Logistics Holding (Group) Co. Ltd. The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal made by Grand China Logistics Holding (Group) Co.
新闻 / GAFTA default clause and assessment of damages: Supreme Court hands Sellers a golden victory
29-01-2016 / 商品与贸易
The Supreme Court has recently ruled that the Buyers under a sale contract on GAFTA 49 terms could only recover nominal damages for the Sellers’ wrongful cancellation of the contract. A Russian legislative embargo on the export of wheat having been announced, the Sellers wrongfully purported to cancel the contract prematurely before the end of the shipment period. As it transpired, the embargo was maintained throughout and beyond the shipment period, such that if the Sellers had not acted prematurely, they would have been contractually entitled to cancel the contract at the end of the shipment period. The Supreme Court unanimously held that, on its true construction, the GAFTA default clause did not entitle buyers to recover significant damages for sellers’ breach of contract where they had suffered no loss as a result of that breach.
新闻 / Supreme Court declines jurisdiction over successive carriers in carriage of goods by road dispute
05-11-2015 / 航运
British American Tobacco Denmark AS and others v Kazemier Transport BVBritish American Tobacco Switzerland SA v H Essers Security Logistics BV and another nbsp2015 UKSC 65
新闻 / Court construes “Notices” provision in GAFTA 64 contract
06-08-2014 / 商品与贸易
Soufflet Negoce SA v. Fedcominvest Europe SARL  EWHC 2405 (Comm) The decision in this case provides helpful guidance on the construction of the “Notices” provision in GAFTA 64 (General Contract for grain in bulk FOB terms). The Court upheld the GAFTA Board of Appeal award which found that the provision in the contract, whereby any notice received after 1600 hours on a business day would be deemed to have been received the following day, applied only in the case of resales and repurchases (which was not the case here). The commercial reality was that, in those cases, it is particularly important that notices up or down the chain are served without delay because intermediary sellers or buyers in the chain may otherwise be prejudiced if the notice is not received in time to be passed on.
新闻 / The recast Brussels Regulation: reinforcing the arbitration exception
21-01-2014 / 航运
The Brussels Regulation governs the jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments in civil matters in the EU. The basic rule is that a defendant should be sued in the courts of the EU Member State in which it is domiciled. The jurisdictional rules of the Brussels Regulation are stated to apply to court proceedings only and not to arbitration. Conflicts of jurisdiction have, however, arisen where proceedings are commenced in an EU member state, contrary to a contractual arbitration clause providing for arbitration in another Member State. Recent revisions to the Brussels Regulation, due to come into force in January 2015, seek to address these conflicts. Our article considers the revisions relating to the “arbitration exception” in the Brussels Regulation and the practical effect they might have for parties agreeing to arbitrate their disputes in an EU country.